Bougainvillée remarquable (Bougainvillea spectabilis)

Publié lundi 28 janvier 2013 Commenter 50
Bougainvillée remarquable

Sommaire

Bougainvillée remarquable : en bref

Nom scientifique
Bougainvillea spectabilis
Provenance / Origine
Endémique du Brésil
Période de semi
Printemps ou automne
Période de floraison
Été (favorisée par la sécheresse)
Couleur de floraison
Rose violacé à rouge brique
Température
Climat chaud et sec (tolère gel ponctuel)
Exposition à la lumière
Plein soleil
Composition du sol
Sol léger, drainé, sableux
Hauteur
6 à 8m
Acidité du sol
Neutre
Entretien
Taille en février
Type biologique
Vivace
Type de feuillage
Semi-persistant

Classification de la plante

Règne
Plantae
Sous-règne
Tracheobionta
Division
Magnoliophyta
Classe
Magnoliopsida
Sous-classe
Caryophyllidae
Ordre
Caryophyllales
Famille
Nyctaginaceae

Un arbuste venu du Sud

Importé du Brésil au XIXème siècle, la bougainvillée remarquable est peu rustique sous nos latitudes, à part dans le Midi. Elle a d’ailleurs besoin de temps sec, et de passer l’hiver au chaud sans quoi elle ne fleurit pas l’année suivante. Il n’est pas anormal qu’elle perde ses feuilles en hiver en France.

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Bougainvillea spectabilis est une plante grimpante (et épineuse) qui est couramment installée au niveau de vérandas, de pergolas, dans des haies… Elle présente en effet des couleurs vives : feuilles vert foncé et fleurs généralement rouge brique, attachées par trois au niveau de trois bractées elles aussi vivement colorées de violet à rouge.

Conseils de culture

La bougainvillée peut être plantée en pleine terre ou en pot. Dans ce cas, préférez les rempotages à la fin du printemps (avril à juin) et taillez le plant après rempotage. Idéalement, utilisez un mélange de terre, de sable, de tourbe et de terreau comme substrat. En pleine terre, choisissez un endroit abrité, drainé. La multiplication peut être réalisée par bouturage, dans ce cas mieux vaut utiliser des rameaux d’été (août).

L’hiver, la bougainvillée résistera à quelques gels ponctuels, mais pailler le pied et éventuellement la protéger par un voile peut se révéler être nécessaire. En été, arrosez vos bougainvillées, mais sans saturer le sol. Vous pouvez les passer en bac pour la saison de floraison, dans ce cas réalisez vos bacs au printemps et conservez-les au moins jusqu’à mi-mai.

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