Monnaie du pape, lunaire, herbe aux écus (Lunaria annua)

Publié lundi 11 février 2013 Commenter 66
Monnaie du pape

Sommaire

Monnaie du pape, lunaire, herbe aux écus : en bref

Nom scientifique
Lunaria annua
Provenance / Origine
Europe
Période de semi
Juin
Période de floraison
Mai-juin
Couleur de floraison
blanche à violet pâle
Température
Très rustique (jusqu'à -15°C)
Exposition à la lumière
soleil à mi-ombre
Reproduction
Semis, division des touffes
Hauteur
jusqu'à 90 cm
Acidité du sol
indifférent, calcaire toléré
Entretien
Désherbage
Type biologique
Annuelle ou bisannuelle
Maladies
Pourriture des racines, oïdium et virus
Type de feuillage
Caduc
Insectes et animaux ravageurs
Pucerons

Classification de la plante

Règne
Plantae
Sous-règne
Tracheobionta
Division
Magnoliophyta
Classe
Magnoliopsida
Sous-classe
Dilleniidae
Ordre
Capparales
Famille
Brassicacées

Des pièces de monnaie pour vos bouquets séchés

La monnaie du pape, aussi appelée herbe aux écus ou lunaire, est une plante annuelle connue et utilisée pour ses fruits plats translucides, argentés que l'on retrouve souvent dans les bouquets de plantes séchées. C'est leur ressemblance à des pièces de monnaie qui a donné à cette plante son nom.

 
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Mais ces fruits ne sont pas le seul atout de la plante: les fleurs sont aussi très esthétiques. De petite taille (1 cm de diamètre), cruciformes, dans les coloris blanc à violet, elles sont nombreuses et regroupées en grappes de 10 à 20 cm de long.

Une culture facile et peu contraignante

Choisissez un emplacement en plein soleil ou à mi-ombre. Votre plante se plaira dans tout bon sol fertile, frais mais bien drainé. Un sol calcaire est envisageable.

Cette plante nécessite très peu d'entretien: arrosez régulièrement si le sol vous semble trop sec et enlevez les mauvaises herbes autour du pied.

Coupez les tiges sèches si vous voulez limiter son expansion.

Semez de la monnaie-du-pape

Cette plante est annuelle et se ressème toute seule chaque année là où elle est installée.

Si vous voulez récupérer des graines pour les semer ailleurs, cueillez les fruits (appelés silicules) et "épluchez" les délicatement en enlevant les 2 valves externes. Il ne restera alors que la cloison argentée, très fragile, sur laquelle sont fixées les graines.

Semez vos graines à la volée en juin dans une terre bien remuée et repiquez les plantules entre 20 et 30 jours après le semis.

Quelques variétés intéressantes

Lunaria annua ‘Alba variegata’ : ses feuilles sont marginées de blanc crème, ses fleurs sont blanches.

Lunaria annua ‘Variegata’ : ses feuilles sont marginées de blanc crème, ses fleurs sont violettes ou violet-rouge.

Lunaria annua ‘Munstead Purple’ : Ses fleurs sont de couleur violet rougeâtre foncé.

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