Spathiphyllum (Spathiphyllum wallisii)

Publié samedi 29 août 2015 Commenter 32
Spathiphyllum wallisii

Sommaire

Spathiphyllum : en bref

Nom scientifique
Spathiphyllum wallisii
Provenance / Origine
Amérique du sud
Période de semi
Toute l'année, en germoir
Période de floraison
Mai-octobre
Couleur de floraison
Blanc, vert pale
Température
Plus de 10°C
Exposition à la lumière
Mi-ombre
Composition du sol
Riche
Hauteur
20 cm à 1 m
Acidité du sol
Neutre
Entretien
Arrosage, engrais, rempotage
Type biologique
Vivace
Type de feuillage
Persistant
Insectes et animaux ravageurs
Pucerons, cochenilles, araignées rouges

Classification de la plante

Règne
Plantae
Sous-règne
Tracheobionta
Division
Magnoliophyta
Classe
Liliopsida
Sous-classe
Arecidae
Ordre
Arales
Famille
Aracées

Le Spathiphyllum ou Fleur de lune, une plante tropicale

Le genre Spathiphyllum regroupe 36 variétés ou espèces. En intérieur, seules certaines de ces fleurs sont cultivées.

Le spathiphyllum possède des rhizomes ou tiges souterraines. Les feuilles se développent sur ces rhizomes. Les fleurs, quant à elles, sont grandes et blanches. La spathe blanche, qui est en réalité une feuille, entoure l'inflorescence en épi, autrement appelée spadice. L'ensemble dure un mois et demi environ.

Cultiver son Spathiphyllum

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Le spathiphyllum est une plante d'origine tropicale, qui peut être cultivée sous nos latitudes en pot, en intérieur. Elle apprécie des températures autour de 20°C, et craint la lumière directe du soleil. En hiver, toutefois, vous pouvez la placer près d'une fenêtre.

La floraison a lieu du printemps à l'été, et peut s'étendre sur une période plus vaste encore si elle bénéficie de conditions favorables (humidité, luminosité et chaleur). Astuce : au fil de la floraison, vous pouvez enlever les feuilles et les fleurs fanées ou flétries.

Le spathiphyllum est sensible au froid. Il ne doit pas être exposé à des températures inférieures à 10°C, et apprécie des températures supérieures à 18°C, qui l'aident à se développer. Si la température est plus basse, raréfiez les arrosages. Astuce : en cas de manque d'eau, vous verrez les feuilles perdre en tonus, il sera alors temps de réagir. Pour garder une bonne humidité, vous pouvez aussi vaporiser de l'eau sur les feuilles.

Des apports d'engrais ordinaires peuvent être réalisés, à raison de trois fois par mois, et cela de mars à septembre.

Le rempotage a lieu à la fin de l'hiver, tous les deux ou trois ans, et lorsque le pot est trop petit. Le mélange sera constitué de terreau léger. Sinon, un surfaçage avec du terreau convient bien.

A savoir !

Attention, le spathiphyllum est toxique ! Les tiges et les feuilles ne doivent pas être ingérées, notamment par les animaux domestiques.

Astuce : le spathiphyllum peut être cultivé en association avec d'autres plantes d'intérieur. Cela permettra de créer un climat humide favorable à son développement.

Si vous souhaitez multiplier votre plante, vous pouvez procéder par division des touffes.

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