la Spirée

Publié mercredi 19 juin 2013 Commenter 69
Spirée blanche dans un jardin

Sommaire

la Spirée : en bref

Provenance / Origine
Eurasie
Période de floraison
Mars – Septembre
Couleur de floraison
Rose, blanc
Température
Plein air, jusqu'à -20°C
Exposition à la lumière
Soleil ou mi ombre
Reproduction
Bouture (février), division des touffes
Composition du sol
Sol ordinaire
Acidité du sol
Neutre
Entretien
Taille possible en Mars, Avril
Type biologique
Arbuste
Maladies
Résistant aux maladies
Type de feuillage
Caduc
Insectes et animaux ravageurs
Eventuellement punaises

Classification de la plante

Règne
Plantae
Sous-règne
Tracheobionta
Division
Magnoliophyta
Classe
Magnoliopsida
Sous-classe
Rosidae
Ordre
Rosales
Famille
Roseceae

Pour vos massifs ou haies fleuries

Comme son nom l'indique, cette spirée est originaire de Chine ou du Japon. Très bien adapté à nos latitudes, cet arbuste se décline en de nombreuses variétés, de plus en plus présentes dans nos jardins. La spirée, souvent utilisée en massif ou en haies, ne dépasse pas les deux mètres. Elle produit de nombreuses petites fleurs blanches ou roses au cours de l'été.

La spirée, une grande famille...

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Le genre spirée regroupe plus de 100 espèces originaires d'Europe ou d'Asie.

De nous jours, c'est une plante largement répandue dans les jardins européens. Il en existe des croisements très divers entre les espèces qui ont permis de créer une multitude de variétés différentes. En effet, il y en a pour tous les goûts.

Au printemps ou en été, la floraison sera rose ou blanche, selon la variété. Enfin, les spirées sont plutôt 'sociables': en haies ou en massif, 50 cm d'espace entre chaque pied leur suffit.

Cultiver des spirées dans mon jardin

Les spirées ont l'avantage de pouvoir pousser sur de nombreux sol : calcaire à légèrement acide, très fertiles ou non.

Attention cependant, il existe de légères différences selon la variété que vous choisissez!

Elles préfèrent le soleil mais survivent très bien dans un coin ombragé et elles ne craignent pas le gel. Les spirées se laissent bien tailler, n'hésitez pas à les adapter à vos besoins.

Une bouture ? Rien de plus simple : en fin d'été prélever une branche avec le talon, ne laisser que 4 feuilles à l'extrémité, et planter dans un mélange terreau + sable. L'emploi d'une hormone de bouturage facilitera la croissance. N'oubliez pas d'arroser tous les 15 jours pendant les deux premières années !

La multiplication peut aussi se faire par division des touffes : déterrez une branche avec quelques racines et replantez la plus loin.

Attention les spirées peuvent vite devenir envahissantes, veillez à toujours bien maîtriser vos pieds.

Une spirée en pot ?

Certaines variétés comme la spirée du Japon 'nana' ou la barbe bleue sont adaptées à la vie en pot. Elles se portent très bien dans les balcons ou sur les terrasses, alors n'hésitez plus !

Posez toutes vos questions sur cet article

Vous vous posez une question sur l'article "la Spirée". Posez la sur qrmaison.com, notre site communautaire sur les travaux, le jardinage et la décoration

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