Trèfle blanc (trifolium repens)

Publié lundi 02 septembre 2013 Commenter 71
Trèfle blanc

Sommaire

Trèfle blanc : en bref

Nom scientifique
trifolium repens
Provenance / Origine
Europe, naturalisé en Amérique du Nord
Période de semi
printemps
Période de floraison
été
Couleur de floraison
blanche, rose
Température
climat tempéré
Exposition à la lumière
plein soleil
Reproduction
semis au printemps, division de touffe ou séparation de rejets
Hauteur
0,10 à 0,40 m
Acidité du sol
neutre
Entretien
supprimer les fleurs fanées
Type biologique
herbacée vivace
Maladies
aucune notable
Type de feuillage
persistant
Insectes et animaux ravageurs
pas d'espèces notables

Classification de la plante

Division
Angiosperme
Classe
Dicotylédones
Sous-classe
Rosidae
Famille
fabacées

Le trèfle blanc, ou trifolium repens, est une herbacée utilisée le plus souvent en mélange dans les pelouses ou les prairies. Il devient rapidement envahissant de part les divisions naturelles de touffes ou les séparations de rejets. Il est par ailleurs très utilisé en fourrages pour le bétail grâce à sa facilité d’exploitation et sa forte teneure en matières azotées.

Petite anecdote sur les engrais naturels

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L’un des grands avantages du trèfle blanc est qu’il appartient à la famille de légumineuses. Dans cette famille, la symbiose avec des bactéries (Rhizobium) qui forment des nodosités dans les racines de ces dernières permet une fixation très importante d’azote de l’atmosphère.

Ainsi, si vous semez du trèfle blanc entre avril et septembre (de 50 grammes à 100 grammes pour 100 mètres carrés), de préférence sur un sol lourd et frais, vous pourrez l’enfouir à l’automne ou au printemps et l’azote qui aura été stocké par la plante au cours de sa vie sera libéré dans le sol. Elle pourra alors servira d’engrais naturel aux plantations suivantes.

La recette du chef : tortilla aux fleurs de trèfles

Ingrédients : 1 oignon, 150 grammes de trèfles, 2 œufs, un peu de cannelle et de gingembre en poudre, sel, poivre, huile d'olive, des feuilles de brick.

Préparation :

Coupez l’oignon et les trèfles en fines lamelles dans une poêle avec une cuillère à soupe d'huile.

Faites cuire à feu doux puis ajoutez les épices, les œufs et continuez la cuisson.

Préchauffez le four thermostat 7 ou 200 °C.

Au fond d'un plat à four, mettez les feuilles de brick en les badigeonnant de beurre et d'un jaune d'œuf pour qu'elles collent entre elles.

Versez la préparation précédente dans les feuilles de brick, refermez-les et ajoutez 2 feuilles par dessus pour fermer en les collant au jaune d'œuf.

Laissez au four environ 20 mn.

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