Artichaut (Cynara scolymus)

Publié dimanche 01 décembre 2013 Commenter 58
artichauts

Sommaire

Artichaut : en bref

Nom scientifique
Cynara scolymus
Provenance / Origine
Afrique du Nord
Période de semi
Fin Mai
Période de floraison
Eté
Couleur de floraison
Mauve
Température
15-20°C, craint le gel
Exposition à la lumière
Soleil
Composition du sol
Riche, drainé
Acidité du sol
Acide
Type biologique
Vivace herbacée
Maladies
Graisse
Type de feuillage
Persistant
Insectes et animaux ravageurs
Pucerons, nématodes, noctuelles

Classification de la plante

Sous-règne
Tracheobionta
Division
Magnoliophyta
Classe
Magnoliopsida
Sous-classe
Asteridae
Ordre
Asterales
Famille
Astéracées

Fidèle au jardin, si on en prend soin!

Si dans les champs de culture de l'artichaut, la plante est cultivée annuellement voire trois fois par an, vous pouvez garder votre plant d'artichaut de 5 à 15 ans!

Mais pour cela, il faudra s'occuper convenablement de votre (ou vos) pied d'artichaut.

Tout d'abord, l'artichaut demande un sol profond: il s'enracine en effet jusqu'à 60 cm de profondeur et ses racines couvrent un cône d'un diamètre de près de 1,20 m au bout de 2 ans de végétation!

Devis Entretien de jardin
3 devis gratuits de pro en 48h, service gratuit et sans engagement
Demandez 3 devis gratuits

Le sol devra aussi être un peu acide, assez riche en matière organique et surtout drainé car l'artichaut n'aime pas se retrouver les pieds dans l'eau. Une fertilisation minérale en azote, phosphore et surtout potasse devra être apportée tous les ans.

C'est une plante qui craint le gel. A 0°C, les bractées de l'inflorescence commencent à s'écarter (le capitule est alors dit « brusqué »).

A -4°C, ces mêmes capitules meurent. Enfin, la plante entière meurt si la température tombe sous -10°C.

L'optimum de températures pour sa croissance est alors de 15 à 20°C.

Si vous souhaitez multiplier vos plants, il est assez aléatoire de la faire à partir des graines.

Le mieux est de le faire en bouturant des œilletons, en avril: il s'agit de prélever un rameau de la plante mère avec des œilletons, puis de laisser des racines s'y développer dans de la terre légère et humide.

Sachez tout de même qu'après 5 ans, un pied d'artichaut devient en général moins productif, alors il est préférable d’en changer l'emplacement!

Récolte et dégustation

La récolte doit se faire avant l'ouverture des bractées de l'inflorescence.

Les têtes d'artichaut se conservent alors 1 semaine maximum, mais on peut les garder jusqu'à 3 semaines sous plastique et dans le réfrigérateur.

La tête d'artichaut se consomme crue ou cuite, mais attention car la cuisson fait que l'artichaut s'oxyde rapidement une fois qu'elle est terminée (d'où par exemple le jus de cuisson qui devient vert), ce qui peut entrainer la formation de composés toxiques.

Du capitule, on ne consomme que le réceptacle, après en avoir ôté les bractées et les fleurs filamenteuses. On peut aussi consommer la base des bractées, que l'on « râpe » avec les dents! Tout cela s'accompagne très bien d'une vinaigrette ou d’une mayonnaise.

Posez toutes vos questions sur cet article

Vous vous posez une question sur l'article "Artichaut (Cynara scolymus)". Posez la sur qrmaison.com, notre site communautaire sur les travaux, le jardinage et la décoration

Découvrez ces autres articles
Adventices
Désherbeur thermique
Le printemps a peut-être fait naître dans vos jardins des centaines de petites... +
Magnolia
Le Magnolia
Un arbre décoratif Le magnolia (Magnolia hypoleuca) est un arbre de la famille des... +
Dionée attrape-mouches
Dionee attrape mouche
Une plante carnivore La dionée attrape-mouche est une plante carnivore de petite taille... +
vinaigrier avec fruits rouges en grappe
Le vinaigrier
Une fructification originale De son nom latin Rhus typhina, le sumac de Virginie, plus... +
Tomates Pyros en grappe
La Tomate Pyros
La variété Pyros La variété Pyros produit des fruits d'une taille assez commune,... +
Sempervivum
La Joubarbe toile d'araignée
Une plante de grasse de rocaille La Joubarbe toile d'araignée tapisse la rocaille des... +
Réagissez à cette article
Commentaires
jeni - il y a 678 jours
Ace4sure is a Premium Supplier of Real Exam Questions and Certification Exam Dumps. Ace4sure.com is the ultimate choice for IT students to pass their final exams in a quick time. https://www.ace4sure.com/PCS-questions.html
Land Owner - il y a 77 jours
Search your property details online.
Land Owner - il y a 77 jours
Search your property details online.
Vetal - il y a 36 jours
Votre commentaire a bien été enregistré. Il sera modéré avant d'être publié. Toute l'équipe vous remercie pour votre contribution https://joyrulez.com/blogs/201479/%D0%A9%D0%BE-%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%B5-%D0%B1%D1%83%D0%B4%D1%96%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9-%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%96%D0%B0%D0%BB
Répondre
jeni - il y a 678 jours
Ace4sure is a Premium Supplier of Real Exam Questions and Certification Exam Dumps. Ace4sure.com is the ultimate choice for IT students to pass their final exams in a quick time. https://www.ace4sure.com/PCS-questions.html
Répondre
jeni - il y a 678 jours
Ace4sure is a Premium Supplier of Real Exam Questions and Certification Exam Dumps. Ace4sure.com is the ultimate choice for IT students to pass their final exams in a quick time. https://www.ace4sure.com/PCS-questions.html
Répondre
shz - il y a 552 jours
Just saying thanks will not just be sufficient, for the fantasti c lucidity in your writing. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates. Internet marketing
Répondre
shz - il y a 552 jours
It’s very informative and you are obviously very knowledgeable in this area. You have opened my eyes to varying views on this topic with interesting and solid content. Affiliate Marketer
Répondre
shz - il y a 552 jours
I recently came across your article and have been reading along. I want to express my admiration of your writing skill and ability to make readers read from the beginning to the end. I would like to read newer posts and to share my thoughts with you. Internet marketing
Répondre
shz - il y a 552 jours
I was very pleased to find this site.I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post. Internet marketing
Répondre
shz - il y a 552 jours
We are really grateful for your blog post. You will find a lot of approaches after visiting your post. Great work Internet marketing
Répondre
shz - il y a 552 jours
Thanks for the informative and helpful post, obviously in your blog everything is good.. Internet marketing
Répondre
shz - il y a 552 jours
Interesting post. I Have Been wondering about this issue, so thanks for posting. Pretty cool post.It 's really very nice and Useful post.Thanks Internet marketing
Répondre
shz - il y a 552 jours
Thank you so much for ding the impressive job here, everyone will surely like your post. Internet marketing
Répondre
shz - il y a 552 jours
I can see that you are an expert at your field! I am launching a website soon, and your information will be very useful for me.. Thanks for all your help and wishing you all the success in your business. Internet marketing
Répondre
shz - il y a 552 jours
i am for the first time here. I found this board and I in finding It truly helpful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to present something back and help others such as you helped me. Internet marketing
Répondre
Gary Wininger - il y a 326 jours
You're doing a great job with this article. I learned a lot. Well done. I would like to share this article with you which is about Clicks per second checker. This is an online CPS test that you can play anywhere. You may find this article useful.
Répondre
charlestrevino - il y a 286 jours
I was ecstatic to discover this website 2 player games. I wanted to express my gratitude for this fantastic read!! I'm thoroughly enjoying every small part of it, and I've saved your site to come back and read more of what you've written.
Répondre
charlestrevino - il y a 286 jours
I was ecstatic to discover this website 2 player games. I wanted to express my gratitude for this fantastic read!! I'm thoroughly enjoying every small part of it, and I've saved your site to come back and read more of what you've written.
Répondre
charlestrevino - il y a 286 jours
I was ecstatic to discover this website 2 player games. I wanted to express my gratitude for this fantastic read!! I'm thoroughly enjoying every small part of it, and I've saved your site to come back and read more of what you've written.
Répondre
Ayushu - il y a 237 jours
We will always share your website on our other platforms and encourage more and more users to read your articles. Mumbai Escorts |
Répondre
seomoz - il y a 231 jours
I saved this one for last since it is totally different. https://farmaciaonlineitalia24.com/ Most medical care plans have a drug store office. They deal with the drug store advantage of the wellbeing plan. I have worked with my organizations wellbeing plan and have invested some energy with the drug store division.https://kamagra-kaufen24.de/
Répondre
seomoz - il y a 231 jours
I saved this one for last since it is totally different. https://farmaciaonlineitalia24.com/ Most medical care plans have a drug store office. They deal with the drug store advantage of the wellbeing plan. I have worked with my organizations wellbeing plan and have invested some energy with the drug store division.https://kamagra-kaufen24.de/
Répondre
seomoz - il y a 231 jours
I saved this one for last since it is totally different. https://farmaciaonlineitalia24.com/ Most medical care plans have a drug store office. They deal with the drug store advantage of the wellbeing plan. I have worked with my organizations wellbeing plan and have invested some energy with the drug store division.https://kamagra-kaufen24.de/
Répondre
seomoz - il y a 231 jours
I saved this one for last since it is totally different. Most medical care plans have a drug store office. They deal with the drug store advantage of the wellbeing plan. I have worked with my organizations wellbeing plan and have invested some energy with the drug store division.https://kamagra-kaufen24.de/
Répondre
Ayushu - il y a 218 jours
Nice Post Good Work https://onemumbai.yooco.org/
Répondre
Ayushu - il y a 218 jours
Nice Post Good Work onemumbai
Répondre
Cu - il y a 218 jours
Nice Post Good Work onemumbai
Répondre
russia - il y a 128 jours
This article is weaver game animedle very good and meaningful. Whenever you are stressed, you can open this article to read to relieve stress and fatigue.
Répondre
russia - il y a 128 jours
This article is weaver game animedle very good and meaningful. Whenever you are stressed, you can open this article to read to relieve stress and fatigue.
Répondre
Jacob Hue - il y a 120 jours
Your writing is really great. I’m so glad I read it. It kept me hooked the whole way through. Thanks for this information. I really appreciate the information that you have provided.
Répondre
Jacob Hue - il y a 120 jours
Your writing is really great. I’m so glad I read it. It kept me hooked the whole way through. Thanks for this information. I really appreciate the information that you have provided. https://www.tcswebmail.info/ https://www.upsers.fyi/ https://www.prepaidgiftbalance.fyi/
Répondre
Jacob Hue - il y a 120 jours
Your writing is really great. I’m so glad I read it. It kept me hooked the whole way through. Thanks for this information. I really appreciate the information that you have provided. https://www.tcswebmail.info/ https://www.upsers.fyi/ https://www.prepaidgiftbalance.fyi/
Répondre
life link - il y a 100 jours
I enjoy it for creating the details, keep up the truly amazing perform continuing Cody Sperber
Répondre
king seo - il y a 100 jours
I like viewing web sites which comprehend the price of delivering the excellent useful resource free of charge. I truly adored reading your posting. Thank you! HostPapa
Répondre
life link - il y a 100 jours
Great post i must say and thanks for the information. Education is definitely a sticky subject. However, is still among the leading topics of our time. I appreciate your post and look forward to more. Cody Sperber
Répondre
life link - il y a 100 jours
It is extremely nice to see the greatest details presented in an easy and understanding manner. American Income Life
Répondre
life link - il y a 100 jours
I was just browsing through the internet looking for some information and came across your blog. I am impressed by the information that you have on this blog. It shows how well you understand this subject. Bookmarked this page, will come back for more. Cody Sperber
Répondre
king seo - il y a 100 jours
This is an awesome motivating article.I am practically satisfied with your great work.You put truly extremely supportive data. Keep it up. Continue blogging. Hoping to perusing your next post American Income Life
Répondre
life link - il y a 100 jours
It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I've read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read more things about it! How To Flip Money
Répondre
king seo - il y a 99 jours
I’ve been searching for some decent stuff on the subject and haven't had any luck up until this point, You just got a new biggest fan!.. American Income Life
Répondre
life link - il y a 99 jours
Personally I think overjoyed I discovered the blogs. How To Flip Money
Répondre
king seo - il y a 99 jours
so happy to find good place to many here in the post, the writing is just great, thanks for the post. How To Flip Money
Répondre
king seo - il y a 99 jours
so happy to find good place to many here in the post, the writing is just great, thanks for the post. How To Flip Money
Répondre
king seo - il y a 99 jours
Please give some advice on how to achieve this kind of posts. Marc Chaikin
Répondre
life link - il y a 99 jours
Two full thumbs up for this magneficent article of yours. I've really enjoyed reading this article today and I think this might be one of the best article that I've read yet. Please, keep this work going on in the same quality. Traveling Vineyard
Répondre
life link - il y a 99 jours
Cool stuff you have and you keep overhaul every one of us Traveling Vineyard
Répondre
life link - il y a 99 jours
Your content is nothing short of brilliant in many ways. I think this is engaging and eye-opening material. Thank you so much for caring about your content and your readers. Globallee
Répondre
king seo - il y a 99 jours
Writing with style and getting good compliments on the article is quite hard, to be honest.But you've done it so calmly and with so cool feeling and you've nailed the job. This article is possessed with style and I am giving good compliment. Best! Marc Chaikin
Répondre
life link - il y a 99 jours
I read your post and I found it amazing! thank! Globallee
Répondre
life link - il y a 99 jours
As a seller of legal steroids, you can buy Crazy Bulk products, explore stacks and finally get the body you’ve always wanted Globallee
Répondre
life link - il y a 99 jours
I surely acquiring more difficulties from each surprisingly more little bit of it Kale and Taylor
Répondre
life link - il y a 99 jours
This is a great inspiring article.I am pretty much pleased with your good work.You put really very helpful information... Kale and Taylor
Répondre
life link - il y a 99 jours
I really appreciate this wonderful post that you have provided for us. I assure this would be beneficial for most of the people. Kale and Taylor
Répondre
Mumbai - il y a 96 jours
Thank you for writing a good article, you worked very hard to bring good information to us, for which we thank you, keep publishing articles filled with such good information. Andheri Escorts | Mumbai Escorts | Mumbai Escort Service |
Répondre
smmheart - il y a 55 jours
Smm Provider sincerely appreciate you sharing this fantastic content with us. smmheart is confident that most individuals would benefit from this.
Répondre
Vasiliy - il y a 36 jours
From other side of scope and the place of educating of shots not which character does not conflict with our theory, and rather vice versa, assists an improvement and analysis of necessary data for permission of situation on the whole.
Répondre
Vetal - il y a 36 jours
Votre commentaire a bien été enregistré. Il sera modéré avant d'être publié. Toute l'équipe vous remercie pour votre contribution https://joyrulez.com/blogs/201479/%D0%A9%D0%BE-%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%B5-%D0%B1%D1%83%D0%B4%D1%96%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9-%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%96%D0%B0%D0%BB
Répondre
AhmedMalik - il y a 26 jours
Exam Dumps. Ace4sure.com is the https://banksnear-me.com/pnc-bank-near-me/ ultimate choice for IT students to pass their final exams.
Répondre
AhmedMalik - il y a 26 jours
Exam Dumps. Ace4sure.com is the https://banksnear-me.com/pnc-bank-near-me/ ultimate choice for IT students to pass their final exams.
Répondre
AhmedMalik - il y a 26 jours
Exam Dumps. Ace4sure.com is the https://banksnear-me.com/pnc-bank-near-me/ ultimate choice for IT students to pass their final exams.
Répondre
Encyclopédie des plantes
Aubépine Avocatier Bignone Dentelaire Le Citronnier Concombre Le cornouiller sanguin Crosne du Japon Le dattier des Canaries L'arbre aux mouchoirs L'Orchidée Dionee attrape mouche Le Hêtre commun Désespoir du peintre Houblon Hortensia paniculé hortensia à feuille de chêne Hortensia serratifolia Le Liseron bleu Le Lavatère Le Lierre La plante cailloux Le Magnolia Le pommier d'ornement Maranta
Derniers Articles
Des questions sur vos travaux de jardinage?

Vous avez une question sur vos travaux de jardinage ? sur l'entretien d'une plante ? Posez-les sur qrmaison.com. La communauté vous répond rapidement avec précision.

Posez votre question