Coloquinte (Cucurbita)

Publié mardi 05 février 2013 Commenter 77
Coloquinte

Sommaire

Coloquinte : en bref

Nom scientifique
Cucurbita
Période de semi
avril Mai
Température
tout climat
Exposition à la lumière
soleil
Reproduction
semis
Hauteur
4 m sur support
Acidité du sol
neutre
Entretien
pas d'entretien
Type biologique
annuelle
Période de récolte
septembre

Classification de la plante

Règne
Plantae
Sous-règne
Tracheobionta
Division
Magnoliophyta
Classe
Magnoliopsida
Ordre
Violales
Famille
Cucurbitaceae

Une décoration originale

Les coloquintes, ce sont ces petites courges aux aspects plus étonnants les unes que les autres. Certaines ont comme des verrues sur leur peau, d’autre ont des formes de champignon, de poire, d’orange… Leurs couleurs varient dans les tons jaunes, bruns, verts ou beige. Les coloquintes ne sont cultivées que pour leur aspect esthétique. Elles peuvent se conserver une année entière, voir plusieurs années pour certaines variétés.

Quelques conseils de culture

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Il s’agit d’une plante rustique. Comme toutes les courges, la coloquinte nécessite une terre riche, profonde et de l’humidité pour croître. Elle a sa place aussi bien au jardin potager qu’au jardin d’agrément.

Pour avoir des courges propres et bien colorées, mettez en place un support pour que la plante grandisse dessus. Une haie ou un arbre peut faire l’affaire. Sinon, confectionnez une structure pyramidale en bambous qui sera très décorative. Un simple grillage vertical peut aussi faire l’affaire.

Attendez le moment propice pour cueillir les courges, à savoir une journée non pluvieuse, après l’évaporation de la rosée matinale. Elles se conserveront plus longtemps.

Quelques idées d’utilisation

Evidez les coloquintes pour en faire de petites boites originales. Peignez-les en petits bonshommes étranges qui raviront les enfants.  Faites des centres de table d’automne avec des coloquintes, des écorces, de la mousse, …Les coloquintes décorent particulièrement bien les cuisines. Utilisez-les au sein de bouquets secs, ce sera du plus bel effet. Vous pouvez aussi conserver des graines dans une coloquinte évidée. Celles-ci seront à l’abri des prédateurs et des parasites. Elles décoreront aussi le sapin de Noël ! Bref, faites preuve d’imagination…

Pour qu’elles se conservent plus longtemps, vous pouvez vernir les coloquintes avec un verni transparent. Cueillez avec la courge un morceau de pédoncule, sa durée de vie n’en sera que plus longue.

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